The German writer thematized in a narrative work of the Thirty Years War and its human consequences. With the “adventurer Simplicissimus” Hans Jacob Christoph von Grimmelshausen managed a piece of world literature. The Christian doctrine as a background, but, illustrated the quandary of the contemporary chaos of war. His major work, like his other satirical novels and tales were realistic time and historical documents. To his complete works including works contain more narrative in the sense of edification, calendar satirical writings and treatises on contemporary events …
Hans Jakob Christoffel von Grimmelshausen was born in 1621 or 1622 in Gelnhausen.
Over the first twenty years of life by Hans Jakob Christoffel von Grimmelshausen is small known because there is small or no documents about it. He was raised by his grandfather, a baker, Christoph Melchior on. Grimmelshausen probably went for six or seven years at the Latin school in Gelnhausen, a former Lutheran imperial city. 1634 the city was attacked by imperial soldiers, the people retreated to the fortress of Hanau, which was occupied by Swedish and Hessian troops. This particular incident Grimmelshausen end of his schooling.
He was then probably in the imperial troops in 1637 and stayed on until 1638 and then in the High Rhine Westphalia. Grimmelshausen the Regiment in 1639 in Offenburg. As of 1644, documents are handed down from Grimmelshausen. Shortly before the war finished, he joined again as regimental secretary of a battle with Bayern. Prior to his wedding on 30 Dignified 1649 with the citizens of Zabern daughter Catharina Henninger, he converted to Catholicism. By the year 1660 he had the body of a “conductor” as an economic and accounting officer of Baron von Schauenburg in Gaisbach held in Oberkirch.
In the years 1662 to 1665 he performed similar duties on the nearby Ullenburg. Then he spent two years operator of the restaurant “Zum Silver Star” in Gaisbach. With the site of a sheriff in nearby Renchen from 1667 also supports himself and his family were saved. Grimmelshausen was the father of ten children. During this time, his entire literary work – except for two works of 1666 such as the Joseph novel, “historians of the chaste Joseph Egypten” – published. The surviving evidence of Grimmelshausen give no information as to how his life is to bring into conformity with explanatory to his literary work. With all, his works are written knowledgeably.
He always referred services and low but he provided fantastic epics and was a brilliant satirist. Grimmelshausen was a connoisseur of literary writing techniques and literary traditions. As a writer, humanist scholars, he did not have the typical time academic education. In his preface to “Satyr Pilgram” (1666/1667), he parodied himself in a traditional image of modesty, his background and education. Grimmelshausen narrative works broach the Thirty Years’ War and its human consequences. This is the “Simplicissimus” as his masterpiece, in which he proves his knowledge of the European novel tradition and satire. It is equipped with autobiographical traits and open in the line of Spanish Pikaroromans.
The Christian doctrine as a background, but, illustrated the quandary of the contemporary chaos of war. Four other satirical novels “Courage” (1670), “The seltzame giddy” (1670), “The wonderful bird-nest” in two parts (1672/1675) he sees as a fantastic novel cycle. A counterpart to form the kind of edifying novels “and Dietwalt Amelinde” (1670) and “Proximus and Lympida” (1672), which are in the tradion courtly narrative works. Grimmelshausen acted with his “eternal perpetual Calendar” (1670) as a calendar writer. His treatises in the satirical style as “Simplicianus Zweyköpffiger Ratio status” (1670) or “Rathstübel Plutonis Or art to be rich” (1672) comment on contemporary events, such as absolutism, or state power.
His other works contain “Continuatio of adventure Simplicissimi Or deselben Final” (1669), “The first Beernhäuter” (1670), “Inverted World” (1672), “The Stoltze Melcher” (1672), “Bart-war “(1673),” Boom-Simplicissimi Männlin “(1673),” Whose Weltberuffenen Simplicissimi Pralerey and pomp with his Teutonic Michel “(1673).
Hans Jacob Christoph von Grimmelshausen died on 17 Dignified 1676 in Renchen (Baden).