As a sculptor and architect of the Roman Baroque, he was one of the greatest Italian architects of the time. Gian Lorenzo Bernini had significant influence on the development of Baroque sculpture and architecture in Rome. He was formally trained in the sculpture workshop of his father Pietro Bernini, before he became active in his life for eight popes. His pompous classicism and the baroque style had a lasting impact attributable to Rome and to the European architecture. As a sculptor and architect of the Roman Baroque sculpture belonged Ercole Ferrata, Antonio Raggi, Domenico Guidi and Cosimo Fancelli to the well-known Bernini’s students …
Gian Lorenzo Bernini was born on 7 Born in Naples in December 1598.
Bernini was trained from 1562 to 1629 in the city of his father’s sculpture studio Pietro Bernini. At first he was from 1622 to 1625 with sculptures like the “groups Pluto,” “Persephone,” “Apollo” and “Daphne” known. The sculpture “David” was made in the years 1623 to 1624 for Cardinal Scipione Borghese. This work can be seen in the Villa Borghese in Rome and fall by their exceptional dynamism and movement management.
His most vital supporter, Pope Urban VIII entrusted the young artist with the construction of the canopy over the grave of Peter in St. Peter’s, Bernini bronze in customizing the years 1624 to 1633. Bernini’s architectural work in the mix of sculpture and architecture was visible. This was reflected in the “Seventh heaven of St. Theresa,” which was completed from 1646 to 1652, as well as in the “Cathedra Petri” from the period 1656 to 1666 he built or in the church of Sant ‘Andrea al Quirinale was built from 1658 until 1670.
In 1629 Bernini completed the Palazzo Barberini. He made among other things, under Alexander VII, from 1656 to 1667 the colonnades in St. Peter’s Square and was built under Pope Innocent X from 1647 to 1651 the Vierströmbrunnen in Piazza Navona. Gian Lorenzo Bernini was then known far beyond the borders of Italy. On the whole he was throughout his life worked for eight popes. In 1665 he traveled on behalf of the French “Sun King” Louis XIV in Paris to formulate plans for the construction of the Louvre. Bernini’s designs for the rebuilding of the Louvre were not real, but they had a lasting influence on European secular architecture.
His pompous classicism and the baroque style had a lasting impact attributable to Rome. And so the designer Bernini, the “Triton Fountain” 1632-1637, the sculpture “Habakkuk and the Angel” 1655-1661, the “Seventh heaven of St. Theresa,” 1645-1652, the tomb of Pope Urban VIII, the “Caesar Constantine,” the ” Augustine, “the” Angel of the inscription INRI ” and the “torso of Neptune.” As a sculptor and architect of the Roman Baroque sculpture belonged Ercole Ferrata, Antonio Raggi, Domenico Guidi and Cosimo Fancelli to the well-known Bernini’s pupils.
Gian Lorenzo Bernini died on 28 November 1680 in Rome. Bernini is buried in the church of Santa Maria Maggiore in Rome.