The lawyer, customs officers and politicians went as Vice President following the assassination of President James Garfield in the peak office in the United States. Chester Arthur served from 1881 to 1885 as 21 President of the United States. He led a civil service reforms to curb corruption and started a modernization of the U.S. fleet. Overall, but, as he was very weak politician. Arthur also place fantastic emphasis on the aesthetics of its expressive office, which he surrounded himself with a new light …

Chester Alan Arthur was born on 5 October 1830 in North Fairfield (Vermont, USA) as the son of a Scotch-Irish born Baptist minister.

With college, he studied law. With practicing as an Arthur successful lawyer in New York City. Starting in 1857, Arthur was employed by the “Second Brigade,” the New York State Militia as a lawyer. In 1859 he married Ellen Lewis Herndon with the daughter of a naval hero from Virginia. The marriage produced three children. Ellen Lewis Herndon died in 1880 of pneumonia and could not witness the subsequent presidency of her husband.

During the American Civil War was from 1861 to 1865 in Chester Arthur earned in supplying the troops. In 1868 he supported the battle for the office of President Ulysses S. Grant. He was also chairman of the “Executive Committee” of the New York State Committee. He was strongly committed to the Republicans. In 1871 he was appointed Director of Customs at the port of New York.

His involvement in the typical patronage of the time but went in 1878 his dismissal. 1880 Arthur was promoted to vice president under the presidency of James Garfield. With his assassination in September 1881, with Arthur went into the presidency. The new president launched a civil service reform and the expansion and modernization of the fleet. He fought against the corruption in politics and led a reform-oriented government that enacted the first comprehensive civil service laws of the United States.

Arthur also place fantastic emphasis on the aesthetics of its expressive office, which he surrounded himself with a new light. Arthur turned the Republican Party but in the presidential battle of 1884 is no longer a candidate. He therefore retired from office in 1885, taking place in the sequence back into private life.

Chester Alan Arthur died on 18 November 1886 in New York.

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